Citing photos, graphics, artwork, and images
Edu Pro Plan users can now choose our new "Photo/Picture/Graphic/Artwork" citation source type to generate citations for these which can be included in the Bibliography or copy and paste.
IMPORTANT: If you are reproducing the image in your document, citing the image is not a replacement for obtaining copyright permission. You should generally indicate if an image is under copyright (and reproduced with permission), licensed through creative commons, or is public domain.
When you are actually including the item as an image in your paper, some styles indicate that the full citation should go in a caption below the image.
Here are a few pointers which may help:
- MLA 8th edition - Not much guidance is given for citing images or how to include copyright of those in the handbook for this edition of MLA, but it is discussed in an article in the MLA Style Center. You should use an in-text citation in the caption and include it in your works cited if you refer to the work in your prose, but if the image is only used illustratively (not referred to specifically in the text), then you only need to provide the full citation in the caption for the image.
- APA 7th Edition - You need to provide full citation and permission information in the caption for the image and in the works cited. (ref) See also APA 7th edition Publication Manual Section 10.14 for citations and 12.14-18 for copyright.